Talk to your healthcare provider to discuss your risk factors and if it is safe for you to drink alcohol, even in moderation. If you have high blood pressure, it’s important to discuss any risk factors with your healthcare provider, including alcohol consumption.

  • We classified nine studies as having high risk of bias (Agewall 2000; Bau 2011; Buckman 2015; Dumont 2010; Fazio 2004; Karatzi 2013; Maufrais 2017; Rossinen 1997; Van De Borne 1997).
  • Mechanisms of chronic BP increase and the demonstration of long-term benefits of reducing alcohol intake as a means to treat hypertension remain open questions.
  • The magnitude and direction of the effects of alcohol on blood pressure depend on the time after alcohol consumption.
  • CUnclear risk of selection bias and attrition bias in more than one study.
  • To examine the acute and chronic effects of alcohol on blood pressure and the incidence of hypertension.
  • We classified seven studies as having high risk of bias (Agewall 2000; Bau 2011; Dumont 2010; Fazio 2004; Karatzi 2013; Maufrais 2017; Van De Borne 1997).

That is why alcohol detox and alcohol withdrawal treatment is administered by medical professionals. Even people with low blood pressure can develop hypertension from alcohol use. Find out how blood pressure and alcohol use are related and discover why alcohol’s many effects on how does alcohol affect your blood pressure blood pressure can lead to heart attacks and strokes. If you feel you have a problem with alcohol, WebMD Connect to Care Advisors are standing by to help. Increasing the activity of the RAAS leads to sodium and water retention, which increases blood volume and blood pressure.

Dumont 2010 published data only

High blood pressure can affect your health, and alcohol use is linked to increased blood pressure and other heart-related concerns. Mayo Clinic states that blood pressure has been found to temporarily increase when drinking three or more drinks in one sitting, and repeated drinking may lead to long-term elevations in blood pressure. One drink is considered to be 12 ounces of beer, five ounces of wine or 1.5 ounces of hard liquor.

alcohol and bp

Brain tumor, breast cancer, colon cancer, congenital heart disease, heart arrhythmia. Because caffeine is a stimulant, you might think it gets your your blood pressure up, however, mostresearchdoesn’t show that to be the case. MedTerms medical dictionary is the medical terminology for Our doctors define difficult medical language in easy-to-understand explanations of over 19,000 medical terms. MedTerms online medical dictionary provides quick access to hard-to-spell and often misspelled medical definitions through an extensive alphabetical listing. “Alcohol is bad for blood pressure.” Clinical and experimental pharmacology & physiology, 2006. There are many misconceptions about alcoholism that make it sound like an alcoholic is an easy person to spot, however, many alcoholics function effectively and lead relatively normal lives.

Howes 1986b published data only

Previous studies reported that women are affected more than men after drinking the same amount of alcohol because of their lower body weight and higher body fat. The blood alcohol concentration rises faster in women because they have a smaller volume of distribution . In contrast, women eliminate alcohol from the body a little faster than men .

  • Unfortunately, red wine as a miracle drink for heart heath is a myth.
  • Overall results (diastolic blood pressure ) for studies reporting multiple readings after alcohol intake.
  • These differences in alcohol consumption duration and in outcome measurement times probably contributed to the wide variation in blood pressure in these studies and affected overall results of the meta‐analysis.
  • All randomised controlled trials that compared alcohol to placebo or similar tasting non‐alcoholic beverages were included in this systematic review.
  • If a person thinks that they might be consuming alcohol at a rate that would classify as moderate drinking, heavy drinking, or binge drinking, they should consider cutting back to improve their overall health and well-being.

Meaningful effects on BP may require larger than the 1.3-drink per day between-group difference in alcohol consumption. Reducing alcohol intake lowers blood pressure in a dose-dependent manner with an apparent threshold effect. First, there was the possibility of undesired bias and imprecision due to imputations of missing statistics. Most of the included studies did not report the standard error /standard deviation of the mean difference for the outcomes of interest. As described in our protocol, when we were unable to obtain the required SE/SD from study authors or by calculation from the reported P value or 95% CI, we imputed data according to the pre‐specified imputation hierarchy. We most often used the reported endpoint SE/SD value to impute the SE/SD of MD.

Hypertension and Alcohol

We retrieved full‐text articles for those citations and included 32 studies . We checked if blinding of participants and outcome assessors affected the effect estimate of BP and HR . The Cochrane Hypertension Information Specialist searched the following databases without language, publication year, or publication status restrictions. If cutting back on alcohol is hard for you to do on your own, ask your health care professional about getting help. A drink is 12 ounces of beer, 5 ounces of wine or 1.5 ounces of 80-proof distilled spirits.

  • But when your arteries are too narrow or stiff, resistance to blood flow increases, and therefore, your blood pressure rises.
  • Blood pressure is the force exerted by your blood flowing on the walls of your arteries—tubular structures that carry blood to different parts of your body.
  • Rosito 1999reported the effects of 15, 30, and 60 g of alcohol compared to placebo on healthy male volunteers.
  • Moderate‐certainty evidence shows that acute consumption of medium to high doses of alcohol decreases blood pressure within the first six hours and for up to 12 hours after alcohol consumption.
  • Substance use professionals can help people gradually taper off alcohol to prevent dangerous side effects.
  • The behavioral intervention used in PATHS failed to produce the anticipated reduction in BP.

If the dose of a study was not reported in the article and the study author did not respond to our request, we excluded that study. Women with high blood pressure may have a greater risk of complications during pregnancy; and women who develop high blood pressure during pregnancy are more at risk of having high blood pressure later in life. “Regular caffeine consumption doesn’t typically raise your blood pressure, but it may be a factor for people who ingest it in high amounts from things like soda, coffee or energy drinks,” Garg says. Find out the answers — and the truth behind common blood pressure misconceptions. Alcohol can affect every part of your body, impacting the health of each body system when used heavily or for prolonged periods of time. It is important to understand exactly how alcohol can affect your body so that you can be aware of changes that occur.

Maufrais 2017 published data only

Of the 32 included studies, seven studies used a manual mercury sphygmomanometer or a semi‐automated sphygmomanometer for BP measurement (Bau 2005; Dai 2002; Karatzi 2005; Kojima 1993; Potter 1986;Rossinen 1997;Van De Borne 1997). Mixing of various measurement techniques (manual, semi‐automated, and fully automated) in the meta‐analysis might have led to some of the heterogeneity.

Which alcohol is good for BP?

Whiskey reduces your blood pressure and it is against bad cholesterol and blood clots, both lower the risk of stroke or heart attack. Drinking wine, dark beer, and whiskey moderately helps to reduce the risk of heart attack.